Stress is often the end result when people react to certain events. In fact, it's the way of the body to handle challenges and meet tough situations with stamina, heightened alertness, strength, and focus.
The events which aggravate stress are known as stressors. These can cover an entire array of situations from making a presentation in class, taking the toughest subject in a semester, or overcoming physical danger.
Normally, the human body is responding to these stressors through activation of specific hormones and the nervous system as well. The adrenal glands are signaled by the hypothalamus to produce extra cortisol and adrenaline which are released in the bloodstreams. These hormones increase blood pressure, metabolism, breathing rate, and heart rate.' Blood vessels are widely opened to accommodate further blood flow to huge muscle groups, which puts the muscles on an alert status. Dilation of pupils also occurs to enhance vision. Stored glucose from the liver is released to increase energy on the body. The body is cooled down because sweat is produced. These physiological changes are simply preparing the person to quickly reacts and handle the pressures effectively at that moment.
These responses to stressful events are natural. If properly managed, these can enhance the person's capability to function well besides pressures. However, stress responses can also lead to problems especially when it fails to reset or turn off properly and overreacts.
Enough amount of stress can be good. But, stress overloads are not good. For example, small amount of stress regarding an upcoming examination can inspire you to study but too much stress can entirely make your concentration poor. Too intense or chronic pressures or troubles that are handled alone can result to stress overloads.
Some events include being bullied or exposure to injury or violence, family conflicts, relationship stress, heavy emotions due to a love one's death or broken heart, schoolwork problems, crammed schedules, and others.'The stress overload signs are panic or anxiety attacks, constant feeling of being pressured, hurried, and hassled, moodiness and irritability, physical symptoms including chest pain, headaches, or stomach problems, sleeping problems, allergic reaction like asthma or eczema, depression or sadness, and too much drinking, smoking, doing drugs, or overeating.
What are some ways to decrease stress?
1. Decide properly on excessive scheduling. Cut down some activities which are not very important to you.
2. Be realistic. Nobody is perfect. Never expect other people to be perfect. It will just heighten your stress. For example; you are doing a difficult school project, it is much better if you ask help from other people to lessen your stress.
3. Always have a good night’s sleep. This can keep your mind and body in good shape and prepare to handle negative stressors.
4. Never forget to relax. Relaxation response is one of be the best and natural stress antidotes. Try doing simple breathing exercises in stressful situations.
5. Good body treatment. Regular exercise and proper diet helps in proper stress management instead of running or eating fast food or junk food, and turning to substance abuse.
6. Always maintain a positive outlook, thoughts, and attitude. A healthy dosage of optimism helps in making the most of stressful circumstances.
7. Solve little problems. This can build your self-confidence and control.
These ways are simple yet can help you manage stress successfully. But, skills on stress-management work best if regularly used.